Views And Reviews

Principles of Health Care Ethics

BMJ 1994; 308 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.308.6934.988b (Published 09 April 1994) Cite this as: BMJ 1994;308:988
  1. Mary Warnock

    Ed Raanon Gillon Wiley, £ 125, pp 1152 ISBN 0 471 93033 4

    In the early 1980s Beauchamp and Childress first enunciated four prima facie principles of ethics in health care. These principles were taken up and further expounded in Raanon Gillon's book, Philosophical Medical Ethics. The principles are beneficence (the obligation to provide benefits and to balance benefits against risks); non-maleficence (the obligation to avoid causing harm); respect for autonomy (the obligation to respect the decision making capacities of autonomous people); and justice (the obligation of fairness in the distribution of benefits and risks). The four principles are central to the essays in Principles of Health Care Ethics since every contributor (and there are 90 essays in the volume) makes reference to them, either to assert them and discuss their applicability in a particular field or to call one or more …

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