Research Article

Muslims with non-insulin dependent diabetes fasting during Ramadan: treatment with glibenclamide.

BMJ 1993; 307 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.307.6899.292 (Published 31 July 1993) Cite this as: BMJ 1993;307:292
  1. J Belkhadir,
  2. H el Ghomari,
  3. N Klöcker,
  4. A Mikou,
  5. M Nasciri,
  6. M Sabri
  1. Medical Department E, University Hospital Ibn Sina, Rabat, Morocco.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To compare the efficacy of two glibenclamide regimens in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes who were fasting during Ramadan and regular glibenclamide treatment in the non-fasting group. DESIGN--Non-randomised control group of patients who did not fast during Ramadan and two groups of patients who fasted randomised equally to one of two regimens: to take their usual morning dose of glibenclamide in the evening and their usual evening dose before dawn; or to follow this pattern but to reduce the total dose by a quarter. SETTING--Two university hospitals, one private hospital, and two private clinics in Casablanca and Rabat, Morocco. SUBJECTS--591 diabetic patients (198 men, 391 women, two unspecified) with similar duration of diabetes and length and amount of glibenclamide treatment, of whom 542 completed the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Serum fructosamine and total glycated haemoglobin concentrations and number of hypoglycaemic events. RESULTS--At the end of Ramadan there were no significant differences between the groups in fructosamine concentration (400 mumol/l in controls and 381 mumol/l and 376 mumol/l in the fasting groups); percentage of glycated haemoglobin (14.7%, 14.0%, and 13.6%); or number of hypoglycaemic events during Ramadan (11, 14, and 10). CONCLUSION--Glibenclamide is effective and safe for patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes who fast during Ramadan. The easiest regimen is to take the normal morning dose (together with any midday dose) at sunset and any evening dose before dawn.