Research Article

Rationale for stopping cervical screening in women over 50.

BMJ 1993; 306 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.306.6883.967 (Published 10 April 1993) Cite this as: BMJ 1993;306:967
  1. W J Van Wijngaarden,
  2. I D Duncan
  1. Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Ninewells Hospital and Medical School, Dundee.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To investigate whether the currently recommended age at which to stop cervical screening (64) can be lowered and what criteria should be used for safely doing so. DESIGN--Retrospective case analysis study. SETTING--Dundee and Angus districts of Scotland. SUBJECTS--Women diagnosed as having cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and microinvasive or invasive cancer of the cervix in 1989 and 1990 (798 cases). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--History of cervical cytology results according to age (age groups of five years) and screening interval (three years and five years). RESULTS--Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia was most common in women under 45 (711 cases in women of 45 and under v 38 cases in those of 46 and over). Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia occurring de novo was not seen in women over 50 who had been screened every three years. Microinvasive or invasive cancer of the cervix was diagnosed in 26 women over 50. None of these women had participated adequately in the cervical screening programme. CONCLUSION--Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia typically occurs in younger women. All women over 50 with an adequate history of negative results on smear testing every three years may be safely discharged from further screening if these findings are confirmed in other populations.