Research Article

Inherited prion disease (PrP lysine 200) in Britain: two case reports.

BMJ 1993; 306 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.306.6873.301 (Published 30 January 1993) Cite this as: BMJ 1993;306:301
  1. J Collinge,
  2. M S Palmer,
  3. T Campbell,
  4. K C Sidle,
  5. D Carroll,
  6. A Harding
  1. Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, St Mary's Hospital Medical School, London.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To identify cases of inherited prion diseases in Britain and to assess their phenotypic features. DESIGN--Screening study of patients suspected clinically to have Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other neurodegenerative diseases by prion protein gene analysis. SETTING--Biochemical research department. SUBJECTS--Patients suspected to have Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other neurodegenerative diseases. RESULTS--Two patients with symptoms characteristic of sporadic Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease were found to have inherited prion protein disease (PrP lysine 200), with a mutation at codon 200 of the prion protein gene. Both were homozygous at codon 129 of the gene. One patient was a man aged 58 of British descent while the other was of Libyan Jewish origin. CONCLUSION--Two foci of inherited prion disease are known, among Libyan Jews and in Slovakia. A separate British focus of the disease may also exist. Heterozygosity at codon 129 may lead to reduced penetrance of the mutation.