Research Article

Relation of coronary heart disease and apolipoprotein E phenotype in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes.

BMJ 1991; 303 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.303.6811.1159 (Published 09 November 1991) Cite this as: BMJ 1991;303:1159
  1. M Laakso,
  2. A Kesäniemi,
  3. K Kervinen,
  4. M Jauhiainen,
  5. K Pyörälä
  1. Department of Medicine, Kuopio University Central Hospital, Finland.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVES--To examine the relation between coronary heart disease and the apolipoprotein E phenotypes in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus. DESIGN--Cross sectional study. SETTING--District around Kuopio University Central Hospital, East Finland. SUBJECTS--138 men with non-insulin dependent diabetes and 64 men without diabetes as controls. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE--Apolipoprotein E phenotype, electrocardiographic abnormalities, other signs of coronary heart disease. RESULTS--The prevalences of definite myocardial infarction and ischaemic electrocardiographic changes were highest in the diabetic men with the phenotypes E4/4 or E4/3 (25% (95% confidence interval 18% to 32%) and 50% (42% to 58%) respectively), although the difference between the phenotype groups was not significant. The prevalence of angina pectoris was 69% (61% to 77%) in men with the phenotypes E4/4 or E4/3 (p = 0.005 compared with other phenotypes), 41% (33% to 49%) in men with phenotype E3/3, and 47% (39% to 55%) in those with phenotypes E2/2 or E2/3. Similarly, the simultaneous presence of angina pectoris and ischaemic electrocardiographic changes was highest in the diabetic men with the phenotypes E4/4 or E4/3 (42% v 22% in those with E3/3 and 29% in those with E2/2, E2/3; p = 0.038). Overall, the prevalence of any evidence of coronary heart disease among the diabetic subjects with the phenotypes E4/4 or E4/3 was 81% (p = 0.011 compared with other phenotypes), 58% in those with phenotype E3/3, and 53% in those with phenotypes E2/2 or E3/3. CONCLUSION--Apolipoprotein E phenotypes E4/4 and E4/3 modulate the risk of coronary heart disease in men with non-insulin dependent diabetes.