Research Article

Serum Lp(a) lipoprotein concentrations in insulin dependent diabetic patients with microalbuminuria.

BMJ 1991; 303 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.303.6804.675 (Published 21 September 1991) Cite this as: BMJ 1991;303:675
  1. H Kapelrud,
  2. H J Bangstad,
  3. K Dahl-Jørgensen,
  4. K Berg,
  5. K F Hanssen
  1. Aker University Hospital, Oslo, Norway.

    Abstract

    OBJECTIVE--To compare the serum concentrations of lipoproteins and apolipoproteins in insulin dependent diabetic patients with and without microalbuminuria. DESIGN--Cross sectional study. SETTING--Paediatric and medical outpatient clinic at a university hospital. PATIENTS--76 insulin dependent diabetic patients: 41 with microalbuminuria (20 males, 21 females) and 35 controls without microalbuminuria (18 males, 17 females). The two groups were similar with respect to age, duration of disease, and haemoglobin A1c concentrations before the study. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES--Serum concentrations of Lp(a) lipoprotein, total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, triglycerides, and apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, and B. RESULTS--Median serum Lp(a) lipoprotein concentration was 10.0 mg/100 ml in the microalbuminuric group and 4.9 mg/100 ml in the control group (p = 0.007). 17 (41%) of the microalbuminuric patients and five (14%) of the control patients had Lp(a) lipoprotein values above the upper quartile of a normal population. Median serum triglycerides concentrations in the microalbuminuric and control groups were 1.15 mmol/l and 0.88 mmol/l respectively (p = 0.03). Median very low density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration was 0.52 mmol/l in the microalbuminuric group and 0.40 mmol/l in the control group (p = 0.03). No significant differences in serum concentrations of total cholesterol, high density lipoprotein cholesterol, low density lipoprotein cholesterol, or apolipoproteins A-I, A-II, and B were found between the groups. CONCLUSIONS--Serum concentrations of Lp(a) lipoprotein are twice as high in insulin dependent diabetic patients with microalbuminuria as in those without microalbuminuria. Increased concentrations of Lp(a) lipoprotein might partly explain the increased morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular disease observed among patients with diabetic nephropathy.