Research Article

Isolated glomerulonephritis with mesangial IgA deposits.

Br Med J 1975; 3 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5984.611 (Published 13 September 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;3:611
  1. J G Sissons,
  2. D F Woodrow,
  3. J R Curtis,
  4. D J Evans,
  5. P E Gower,
  6. J C Sloper,
  7. D K Peters

    Abstract

    Mesangial deposits of IgA, occurring in the absence of systemic disease known to be associated with nephritis, were detected by immunofluorescence microscopy in renal biopsy specimens from 25 patients (4% of 630 specimens studied). Associated deposits of C3 were always present, usually with IgG, but IgM deposits were less common and C1q was never seen. On light microscopy most of the biopsy specimens showed mesangial of focal nuclear proliferation though some were normal. Fifteen of the 25 patients presented with macroscopic haematuria, which was usually recurrent and preceded by a sore throat, whereas the remaining, and usually older, patients presented with persistent proteinuria and were more likely to have impaired renal function. This incidence of "mesangial IgA disease" is less than that reported by French workers. There was a significantly high incidence of familial renal disease among these patients. No abnormalities of serum complement or IgA concentration were found.