Plasma TSH and Serum T-4 Levels in Long-term Follow-up of Patients Treated with 131I for ThyrotoxicosisBr Med J 1974; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5924.152 (Published 20 July 1974) Cite this as: Br Med J 1974;3:152
- A. D. Toft,
- W. J. Irvine,
- W. M. Hunter,
- J. Seth
In February 1972 58% of patients euthyroid after iodine-131 therapy given for thyrotoxicosis between 1954 and 1966 had a high plasma TSH (>7·4 μU/ml) and 42% a normal plasma TSH level. A group of 69 of the euthyroid patients with high plasma TSH levels (25·0±2·0 μU/ml) in 1972 were re-examined 15 and 24 months later. The mean plasma TSH in the 66 patients remaining euthyroid at 15 months was 22·6±1·8 μU/ml, while three patients had become hypothyroid. At 24 months 64 of the patients were still available for study, of whom 61 remained euthyroid with a mean plasma TSH of 21·6±2·0 μU/ml, and a further three had become hypothyroid.
All of a group of 61 of the euthyroid patients with normal plasma TSH levels (4·0±0·2 μU/ml) in 1972 remained euthyroid at 24 months with a mean plasma TSH of 4·1±0·3 μU/ml, though the plasma TSH level had become slightly raised in three.
The mean serum T-4 level in the euthyroid patients with a high plasma TSH was significantly lower, though still in the normal range, than that in the euthyroid patients with a normal plasma TSH both in 1972 and in 1974.
Since no patient with a normal plasma TSH level after iodine-131 treatment six to 18 years earlier for thyrotoxicosis developed hypothyroidism over a two-year period, the follow-up of such patients need not be so rigorous as that of similarly treated euthyroid patients with raised plasma TSH levels in whom hypothyroidism developed at the rate of 5% per year.