Papers And Originals

Measles and Other Virus-specific Immunoglobulins in Multiple Sclerosis

Br Med J 1973; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5881.612 (Published 22 September 1973) Cite this as: Br Med J 1973;3:612
  1. Margaret Haire,
  2. K. B. Fraser,
  3. J. H. D. Millar

    Abstract

    Immunoglobulins M and G specific for meales, herpes simplex, and rubella viruses were assayed by the fluorescent antibody method in sera and cerebrospinal fluids (C.S.F.) obtained simultaneously from 30 patients with multiple sclerosis, 30 patients with other neurological diseases, and 30 “normal” control subjects. Sera of 11 out of 30 patients with multiple sclerosis had IgM which reacted specifically with measles virus-infected cells, compared with 2 out of 30 of the patients with other neurological diseases and none of the 30 normal controls. Virus-specific IgM was not found in C.S.F. by this method.

    The geometric mean titre of measles virus-specific IgG in serum was significantly higher in the multiple sclerosis group than in either control group, and while IgG specific for all three viruses was found in C.S.F., suggesting transfer across the blood-brain barrier, measles IgG predominated.