Papers And Originals

Epipodophyllotoxin VP 16213 in Treatment of Acute Leukaemia—Haematosarcoma and Solid Tumours

Br Med J 1973; 3 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5873.199 (Published 28 July 1973) Cite this as: Br Med J 1973;3:199
  1. European Organization for Research on the Treatment of Cancer, Clinical Screening Group

    Abstract

    Epipodophyllotoxin VP 16213 (4-demethyl-epipodophyllotoxin-β-D-ethylidene glucoside), given to 250 patients with various types of malignant disease, induced apparently complete remissions in four out of eight cases of acute monocytoid and acute myelomonocytoid leukaemia but only one complete regression and six incomplete remissions in 21 cases of reticulosarcoma. Incomplete regressions occurred in patients with Hodgkin's disease, lymphosarcoma, melanoma, and carcinoma of the breast, ovary, testis, bladder, kidney, and thyroid. Seemingly complete regressions of malignant pleural effusion occurred when the drug was given systemically. Toxic side effects interfered with treatment in 40 patients but stopped it in only nine. No signs of toxicity were seen in 114 patients and in 85 the side effects were negligible. VP 16213 represents an advance in the treatment of acute monocytoid leukaemia, which has been up till now insensitive to any drug.