Papers And Originals

Role of Vegetarianism, Smoking, and Hydroxocobalamin in Optic Neuritis

Br Med J 1972; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5821.264 (Published 29 July 1972) Cite this as: Br Med J 1972;3:264
  1. N. H. Wadia,
  2. M. M. Desai,
  3. E. V. Quadros,
  4. D. K. Dastur

    Abstract

    Only 20 patients with optic neuritis of unknown aetiology could be collected in Bombay over a period of two and a half years. Only six of them were smokers and only three (one a non-smoker) had bilateral centrocaecal scotomata similar to those found in tobacco amblyopia. In 11 untreated patients the serum vitamin B12 and plasma thiocyanate levels were estimated and found to show no significant differences from those in normal control subjects. Treatment with hydroxocobalamin in the majority of cases and with cyanocobalamin, corticotrophin, or prednisolone in the rest showed equally good results; spontaneous improvement was seen in one case.

    No significant role could be assigned to smoking (cyanide) or to vegetarianism in the production of optic neuritis in these patients; nor was there any evidence of depletion of total (cyanide-extracted) B12 or of an increase in the proportion of non-cyanide-extracted B12 in the serum.