Papers And Originals

Effects of Externally Applied Pressure on the Haemodynamics of the Lower Limb

Br Med J 1971; 3 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5773.503 (Published 28 August 1971) Cite this as: Br Med J 1971;3:503
  1. S. Sabri,
  2. V. C. Roberts,
  3. L. T. Cotton

    Abstract

    The effects of externally applied pressure of 5-150 mm Hg on the haemodynamics of the leg of dog and man were investigated. The criteria used for the assessments included femoral arterial and venous blood flow as well as vascular hydraulic conductance. The results indicated that external pressure of 5 mm Hg results in a very small non-significant increase in the femoral arterial and venous flow. Higher external pressure of 15 mm Hg or more significantly reduces the femoral arterial and venous flows as well as the vascular conductance. It therefore seems that compression produced by bandaging in horizontal supine subjects has little or no haemodynamic value and may prove to be harmful unless carefully controlled.