Middle Articles

Chronic Disease and Disability in the Community: A Prevalence Study

Br Med J 1970; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5725.762 (Published 26 September 1970) Cite this as: Br Med J 1970;3:762
  1. A. E. Bennett,
  2. Jessie Garrad,
  3. T. Halil

    Abstract

    A two-stage prevalence survey of disability (defined as the inability to perform unaided defined activities essential to daily life) used questionnaires on a random sample of the population living in north Lambeth. The central estimates of the prevalence of disability in those aged 35-74 are 7·2% for men and 9·7% for women. Among the disabled population locomotor impairments were more common in women; internal impairments were more common in men. For men and women together chronic respiratory disease, mainly bronchitis, was shown to be the single most common condition associated with disability.

    Though for women there may be an association between low social class and disability and between marital break-up and disability, these associations, though statistically significant, are weak. The data are therefore considered to be more widely relevant for the planning of health and welfare services.

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