Papers And Originals

Sulphadimidine Acetylation Test for Classification of Patients as Slow or Rapid Inactivators of Isoniazid

Br Med J 1970; 3 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.3.5721.495 (Published 29 August 1970) Cite this as: Br Med J 1970;3:495

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  1. K. V. N. Rao,
  2. D. A. Mitchison,
  3. N. G. K. Nair,
  4. K. Prema,
  5. S. P. Tripathy

    Abstract

    Sulphadimidine acetylation studies were undertaken in 103 patients, 52 of whom had been classified as slow and 51 as rapid inactivators of isoniazid by a standard microbiological assay method. Each patient received sulphadimidine by mouth in a dose of 44 mg./kg. body weight, and free and total sulphadimidine were estimated in blood and urine collected at six hours. The findings suggest that patients may be classified as slow inactivators of isoniazid if the proportion of acetylated sulphadimidine (total minus free) is (a) less than 25% in blood or (b) less than 70% in urine. The sulphadimidine test is easy to perform and the result is available the same day; urine specimens for the test can be stored at room temperature for over a week without any loss of drug.