Research Article

Controlled trial of propranolol to prevent recurrent variceal bleeding in patients with non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis.

BMJ 1989; 298 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.298.6684.1363 (Published 20 May 1989) Cite this as: BMJ 1989;298:1363
  1. C. F. Kiire
  1. Department of Medicine, University of Zimbabwe, Harare.

    Abstract

    Fifty patients with non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis who were admitted to hospital because of upper gastrointestinal bleeding were randomly assigned to treatment with either oral propranolol given in doses that reduced the resting pulse rate by 25% (25 patients) or with a placebo (25 patients). One year after the start of the study 20 patients in the propranolol group and five patients in the placebo group were free from recurrent gastrointestinal bleeding (p less than 0.0001). Giving continuous oral propranolol treatment is therefore effective in preventing recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding in patients with non-cirrhotic portal fibrosis.