Human immunodeficiency virus infection, hepatitis B virus infection, and sexual behaviour of women attending a genitourinary medicine cliniceBr Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988; 296 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.296.6620.473 (Published 13 February 1988) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988;296:473
- Brian A Evans,
- Sheena M McCormack,
- Robert A Bond,
- Kenneth D MacRae,
- Robert W Thorp
During the six months immediately after a public information campaign about the acquired immune deficiency syndrome 1115 women who attended a genitourinary medicine clinic in west London were tested for antibodies to the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). Three women (0·27%) were positive, and all three were regular sexual partners of men with high risk lifestyles—two intravenous drug users and one bisexual. A consecutive series of 647 women from the cohort was tested for antibodies for hepatitis B core antigen: 27 were positive, of whom six had been born in the United Kingdom and were not known to have been at risk. The two women who were seropositive for HIV who completed a questionnaire on their sexual behaviour before they were tested reported both anal and oral receipt of semen and were in the upper fifth percentile for lifetime sexual partners. More than half (53%) of 424 women who reported that they had non-regular sexual partners never used a condom.
It is concluded that heterosexual women in London are at a low risk of becoming infected with HIV.