Papers And Short Reports

Microalbuminuria in non-insulin-dependent diabetes: its prevalence in Indian compared with Europid patients

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988; 296 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.296.6620.462 (Published 13 February 1988) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1988;296:462
  1. J Allawi,
  2. P V Rao,
  3. R Gilbert,
  4. G Scott,
  5. R J Jarrett,
  6. H Keen,
  7. G C Viberti,
  8. H M Mather

    Abstract

    Non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus is strikingly common in British Indians, but their susceptibility to diabetic complications is unknown. The ratio of albumin to creatinine concentrations was measured in samples of the first urine voided in the morning in 154 Indian and 82 Europid patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes and in a control group of 129 non-diabetic Indians. The ratio was significantly higher in the Indian patients than in the Europid patients and the Indian controls. There were no significant correlations between the logarithm of the albumin: creatinine ratio and age, known duration of diabetes, haemoglobin A1 concentration, or body mass index within either diabetic group. Hypertension and raised albumin:creatinine ratio were significantly associated, and significant correlations were seen between the logarithm of the albumin:creatinine ratio and systolic and diastolic blood pressures in the Indian but not the Europid diabetics.

    Because of the high prevalence of diabetes at a relatively early age in Indians, nephropathy may emerge as an important clinical problem.