Research Article

Paget's disease of bone: early and late responses to three different modes of treatment with aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate (APD).

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 295 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.295.6609.1301 (Published 21 November 1987) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987;295:1301
  1. H I Harinck,
  2. S E Papapoulos,
  3. H J Blanksma,
  4. A J Moolenaar,
  5. P Vermeij,
  6. O L Bijvoet
  1. Department of Endocrinology, University Hospital, Leiden, The Netherlands.

    Abstract

    Early and late responses to treatment with either oral (600 mg/day) or intravenous (20 mg/day) (3-amino-1-hydroxypropylidene)-1,1-bisphosphonate (aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate; APD) were studied in 142 patients with Paget's disease of bone who had not previously been treated with bisphosphonate. The efficacy of three therapeutic regimens was compared: (a) oral aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate given continuously until six months after the serum alkaline phosphatase activity had returned to normal (long term); (b) oral aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate given until urinary hydroxyproline excretion had returned to normal (short term); (c) intravenous aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate for 10 days. With either oral or intravenous treatment the decrease in urinary hydroxyproline excretion was rapid and always preceded the fall in serum alkaline phosphatase activity. Normal urinary hydroxyproline excretion is essential for return of the serum alkaline phosphatase activity to normal. Complete biochemical remission, defined as return of the serum alkaline phosphatase activity to normal, was obtained in 129 patients (91%). The median duration of remission as assessed by actuarial analysis was 2.7 years. This study found no difference in the long term among the three modes of treatment, suggesting that for most patients with Paget's disease a short course of intravenous aminohydroxypropylidene bisphosphonate will produce longlasting, complete remission without need for maintenance treatment.