Research Article

Effect of antihypertensive treatment on kidney function in diabetic nephropathy.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987; 294 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.294.6585.1443 (Published 06 June 1987) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1987;294:1443
  1. H H Parving,
  2. A R Andersen,
  3. U M Smidt,
  4. E Hommel,
  5. E R Mathiesen,
  6. P A Svendsen

    Abstract

    The effect of long term, aggressive antihypertensive treatment on kidney function in diabetic nephropathy was studied prospectively in 11 insulin dependent diabetics (mean age 30). During the mean pretreatment period of 32 (range 23-66) months the glomerular filtration rate decreased significantly and albuminuria and the arterial blood pressure increased significantly. During the 72 (range 32-91) month period of antihypertensive treatment the average arterial blood pressure fell from 143/96 mm Hg to 129/84 mm Hg and albuminuria decreased from 1038 micrograms/min to 504 micrograms/min. The rate of decline in the glomerular filtration rate decreased from 0.89 (range 0.44-1.46) ml/min/month before treatment to 0.22 (range 0.01-0.40) ml/min/month during treatment. The rate of decline in the glomerular filtration rate was significantly smaller during the second three years compared with the first three years in patients who received long term antihypertensive treatment (greater than or equal to 6 years). One patient died from acute myocardial infarction (glomerular filtration rate 46 ml/min/1.74 m2). Effective antihypertensive treatment postpones renal insufficiency in diabetic nephropathy.