Research Article

DNA sequences of human papillomavirus types 11, 16, and 18 in lesions of the uterine cervix in the west of Scotland.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986; 293 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.293.6539.93 (Published 12 July 1986) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986;293:93
  1. D W Millan,
  2. J A Davis,
  3. T E Torbet,
  4. M S Campo

    Abstract

    Punch biopsy specimens of the cervix were examined both histologically and for the presence of human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA sequences. The presence of HPV DNA sequences was sought with the Southern blot technique using radioactively labelled HPV-6, 11, 16, and 18 DNA probes, both together and separately. Twenty six biopsy specimens were examined. Histological examination showed cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2 or 3 in 16 specimens, viral changes (koilocytosis) in four, and inflammation or a normal appearance in three. Eleven specimens were negative for HPV DNA sequences, 10 contained HPV-16 DNA, four contained HPV-18 DNA, and one contained both HPV-18 and HPV-11 DNA. Episomal HPV-16 DNA was detected in one case of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 3 and in five cases of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3 with koilocytosis; and episomal HPV-18 DNA was found in two specimens classed as cervical intraepithelial neoplasia grade 2/3, one of which also contained HPV-11 DNA, and in one specimen that showed viral changes alone. Integrated HPV DNA was found in six specimens (four with HPV-16 DNA and two with HPV-18 DNA), including two cases of chronically inflamed cervix with no histological evidence of viral infection or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Detection of viral DNA in early lesions may identify patients at risk of malignant progression. This is the first report of HPV-18 DNA in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia in Scotland.