Research Article

Diffuse peritonitis and chronic ascites due to infection with Chlamydia trachomatis in patients without liver disease: new presentation of the Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986; 293 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.293.6538.5 (Published 05 July 1986) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986;293:5
  1. U A Marbet,
  2. G A Stalder,
  3. J Vögtlin,
  4. J Loosli,
  5. A Frei,
  6. B Althaus,
  7. K Gyr

    Abstract

    Two women were admitted for increasing abdominal pain, vaginal discharge, and severe or moderate chronic ascites. Diffuse peritonitis without evidence of liver disease was found in both cases, and in one the ascites and vaginal discharge contained Chlamydia trachomatis. Both patients responded to doxycycline, and this and the laboratory findings pointed strongly to C trachomatis as the aetiological agent. C trachomatis may cause severe peritoneal infections with chronic ascites formation in the absence of liver disease in women with the Fitz-Hugh-Curtis syndrome. Prompt diagnosis and antibiotics lead to rapid cure.