Research Article

Remission of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome after treatment with cyclosporin A.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986; 292 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.292.6523.789 (Published 22 March 1986) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1986;292:789
  1. A Meyrier,
  2. P Simon,
  3. G Perret,
  4. M C Condamin-Meyrier

    Abstract

    Nephrotic syndrome in minimal change lipoid nephrosis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis may be due to alteration of glomerular anionic sites by a lymphokine. Six adults with nephrotic syndrome who were resistant to treatment with corticosteroids and immunosuppressants were treated with cyclosporin A. In three patients with minimal change lipoid nephrosis who had been nephrotic for 3.5 to 23 years proteinuria resolved within 12 to 42 days. Subsequently, these patients became dependent on cyclosporin A. In three patients with focal segmental glomerulosclerosis who had been nephrotic for four to six years mean (SD) 24 hour urinary protein decreased from 14.7 (8.4) g to 3.6 (0.6) g within 20 to 25 days, serum albumin concentration rose, and oedema subsided. One patient died of myocardial infarction when still in partial remission after 11 weeks' treatment. Two patients remained proteinuric despite continuing treatment with cyclosporin A, but control of sodium balance was easy and serum albumin concentrations remained higher than without cyclosporin A. In all patients renal function improved during treatment. These preliminary results show that cyclosporin A may be effective in the treatment of patients with nephrotic syndrome that resists every other form of treatment and especially in the treatment of those with minimal change lipoid nephrosis. The results are in keeping with a T lymphocyte mediated mechanism of minimal change lipoid nephrosis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but they also suggest that minimal change lipoid nephrosis and focal segmental glomerulosclerosis are separate entities.