Research Article

Development of new renal scars: a collaborative study.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 290 doi: (Published 29 June 1985) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985;290:1957
  1. J M Smellie,
  2. P G Ransley,
  3. I C Normand,
  4. N Prescod,
  5. D Edwards


    In a study of the factors surrounding the development of renal scars clinical data and serial radiographs were analysed in 74 infants and children (66 girls and eight boys) without duplex kidney or obstruction. The development of new scars was seen radiologically in 87 kidneys (74 previously normal and 13 previously scarred). New scarring was extensive in 16 kidneys. Thirty four children were aged 5 or over when scarring occurred. Urinary infection occurred in all the children. Diagnosis and effective treatment were delayed in 45 of them; 58 suffered further urinary infections between the baseline intravenous urogram and the first showing new scarring. Vesicoureteric reflux was seen in 67 of the children. Investigation and treatment varied widely, and few children received long term prophylaxis. Social problems interfered with the management of 22 children. Early diagnosis, prompt effective treatment, investigation, and long term supervision of children with urinary infection are essential if renal scarring is to be reduced; those over the age of 5 are still vulnerable.