Research Article

Hyaluronate in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid: a new marker in sarcoidosis reflecting pulmonary disease.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985; 290 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.290.6484.1778 (Published 15 June 1985) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1985;290:1778
  1. R Hällgren,
  2. A Eklund,
  3. A Engström-Laurent,
  4. B Schmekel

    Abstract

    Hyaluronate (hyaluronic acid) was not detectable in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid from smoking or nonsmoking healthy volunteers but was present in fluid from 23 patients with sarcoidosis; the mean concentration was 16 micrograms/1 returned fluid (range less than or equal to 5-430) or, expressed in relation to the amount of albumin recovered, 0.22 micrograms/mg albumin (range less than or equal to 0.05-3.6). The serum hyaluronate concentrations in the patients with sarcoidosis were normal. There was a significant inverse correlation between vital lung capacity and hyaluronate concentrations in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (p less than 0.001), and patients with abnormal lung volumes had hyaluronate concentrations that were on average six times higher than those in patients with normal vital capacity. Duration of disease, pulmonary radiological findings, and markers for macrophage activation (angiotensin converting enzyme) and lymphocyte activation (beta 2 microglobulin) were not correlated with bronchoalveolar lavage fluid hyaluronate. It was concluded that in sarcoidosis release of hyaluronate into the airways is related to lung volume and therefore to the course of the disease. Increased synthesis of hyaluronate in lung parenchyma may reflect activation of fibroblasts, and measurements of hyaluronate may have clinical value for prognosis and treatment.