Research Article

Deposition of eosinophil cationic protein in granulomas in allergic granulomatosis and vasculitis: the Churg-Strauss syndrome.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 289 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.289.6442.400 (Published 18 August 1984) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984;289:400
  1. P C Tai,
  2. M E Holt,
  3. P Denny,
  4. A R Gibbs,
  5. B D Williams,
  6. C J Spry

    Abstract

    Biopsy specimens and tissues obtained at necropsy from two women who died after developing the Churg-Strauss syndrome were analysed to see whether granulomas in these patients contained activated eosinophils or secreted eosinophil cationic proteins, or both. Immunocytochemical studies with monoclonal antibody EG2 showed large amounts of eosinophil cationic protein and eosinophil protein-X (which are toxic for heart cells and other tissues) in the granulomas. Many activated and degranulating eosinophils were seen to be migrating from the blood into these areas. Eosinophils may play a central part in the development of lesions in the heart and other tissues in the Churg-Strauss syndrome.