- E M Nordberg
Numbers of caesarean sections, inguinal hernia repairs, and operations for strangulated hernia performed in 1979-81 at 10 rural hospitals in eastern Africa were matched against estimated populations in the respective catchment areas. Annual rates of each operation varied considerably between hospitals, the averages being: for caesarean sections 25 per 100 000 per year; for inguinal hernia repairs 25 per 100 000 per year; and for operations for strangulated hernia four per 100 000 per year. The estimated minimum needs for these operations, based on available data for morbidity were 225, 175, and 30 per 100 000 per year, respectively. Numerous deaths and cases of permanent disability occur in remote rural villages because common conditions requiring urgent surgery are neither prevented nor properly cared for. A balanced improvement of both primary and secondary care in rural Africa is needed.