Research Article

Splint renal function after captopril in unilateral renal artery stenosis.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984; 288 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.288.6421.886 (Published 24 March 1984) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1984;288:886
  1. G J Wenting,
  2. H L Tan-Tjiong,
  3. F H Derkx,
  4. J H de Bruyn,
  5. A J Man in't Veld,
  6. M A Schalekamp

    Abstract

    The renal extraction ratios of 131I-sodium iodohippurate (131I-Hippuran) and 125I-thalamate were greatly reduced on the affected side by 50 mg captopril in seven out of 14 patients with unilateral renal artery stenosis. With long term captopril 150 mg daily the uptake of 99mTc-diethylenetriaminepenta-acetic acid by the affected kidney, which was determined by scintillation camera renography, became almost zero in these seven patients, indicating severe reduction of the glomerular filtration rate. Function of the affected kidney returned on discontinuing treatment. The reduced extraction of sodium iodohippurate probably reflected a shortened plasma transit time through the kidney due to intrarenal vasodilatation. The reduced extraction of thalamate reflected a low filtration fraction, suggesting that the vasodilatation was, at least in part, at the level of the postglomerular arterioles. Captopril had little effect on the contralateral kidney and on the kidneys of 17 patients with essential hypertension, and serum creatinine concentrations showed minor changes. Radioisotope renography should be performed after beginning captopril treatment in patients with renal artery stenosis. This is also recommended for patients given captopril as a third line drug when renal artery stenosis has not been excluded. Hypertension is these patients is often severe and difficult to control. Renal artery disease is not rare in this difficult group and finding seriously impaired renal function on one side during captopril treatment may be diagnostic.