Research Article

Reversal of insulin resistance in type I diabetes after treatment with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 287 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.287.6406.1661 (Published 03 December 1983) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983;287:1661
  1. I Lager,
  2. P Lönnroth,
  3. H von Schenck,
  4. U Smith

    Abstract

    Insulin responsiveness was studied with the euglycaemic glucose clamp technique in seven patients with type I diabetes and in six control subjects matched for age and weight. The glucose disposal rate was significantly reduced in the diabetic subjects when they were receiving conventional insulin treatment compared with the control group, showing insulin resistance in the diabetics. The diabetic patients were again studied after eight days of intensified metabolic control achieved with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion. During the infusion a more physiological insulin regimen was used compared with their regular treatment, less of the total insulin dose being given as continuous infusion and more as bolus doses before meals. The insulin resistance in the diabetics was largely reversed after this improved metabolic control. Dose response studies showed an increased glucose disposal rate at all plasma insulin concentrations, including the maximum insulin concentration, indicating a predominant effect of the continuous infusion regimen at the postreceptor level. The improved insulin effect seen with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion could be due to the improved metabolic control achieved as well as the more physiological regimen.