Research Article

Human insulin and porcine insulin in the treatment of diabetic children: comparison of metabolic control and insulin antibody production.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 287 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.287.6405.1580 (Published 26 November 1983) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983;287:1580
  1. N P Mann,
  2. D I Johnston,
  3. W G Reeves,
  4. M A Murphy

    Abstract

    Semisynthetic human insulin and highly purified porcine insulin were compared in a double blind crossover study in 21 diabetic children. Glycosylated haemoglobin values at the end of four month treatment periods were higher after treatment with human insulin than after treatment with porcine insulin (mean 15.7% (SD 2.3%) v 14.2% (2.3%); p less than 0.01). Higher fasting blood glucose concentrations occurred during treatment with human insulin than with porcine insulin (mean 12.0 (SD 2.1) v 11.0 (2.4) mmol/1; mean 216 (SD 38) v 198 (43) mg/100 ml; p less than 0.05), but there were no significant differences at other time points during the day. The incidence of hypoglycaemia was similar for both treatment groups. Concentrations of antibody reactive with porcine and human insulins were similar for the two treatment groups, although greater fluctuation was observed in the amount of antibody reactive with human insulin. Semisynthetic human insulin is safe and effective in diabetic children, although further work is needed to devise regimens which achieve optimal blood glucose control.