Research Article

Protein creatinine index and Albustix in assessment of proteinuria.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 287 doi: (Published 01 October 1983) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983;287:929
  1. A B Shaw,
  2. P Risdon,
  3. J D Lewis-Jackson


    The protein creatinine index in early morning and random urine specimens was compared with the 24 hour urinary excretion of protein in normal subjects and outpatients with abnormal proteinuria. A protein creatinine index (defined as (mg protein/1 divided by creatinine mmol/1) times 10) below 125 in a random specimen excluded abnormal proteinuria, whereas an index of more than 136 indicated the presence of pathological proteinuria. The index for random specimens provided a useful semiquantitative assessment of the 24 hour excretion of protein (mg protein/24 hours), but the index for early morning specimens was less reliable. Errors with Albustix were partly due to intra and inter observer variations in the interpretation of the colour formed when compared with the chart provided. It is proposed that the protein creatinine index on random urine samples should be used to supplement dipsticks in screening for proteinuria in cases where misclassification would be serious.