Research Article

Mortality from coronary heart disease and stroke in relation to degree of glycaemia: the Whitehall study.

BMJ 1983; 287 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.287.6396.867 (Published 24 September 1983) Cite this as: BMJ 1983;287:867
  1. J H Fuller,
  2. M J Shipley,
  3. G Rose,
  4. R J Jarrett,
  5. H Keen

    Abstract

    In the Whitehall study of 18 403 male civil servants aged 40-64 years the 10 year mortality rates from coronary heart disease and stroke showed a non-linear relation to two hour blood glucose values, with a significantly increased risk for glucose intolerant subjects with concentrations above the 95th centile point (5.4-11.0 mmol/l; 96-199 mg/100 ml) and for diabetics (blood glucose greater than or equal to 11.1 mmol/l; greater than or equal to 200 mg/100 ml). Multiple logistic analysis showed that between one half and three quarters of the relative risks for deaths from coronary heart disease and stroke were "unexplained" by between group differences in risk factors such as age, blood pressure, obesity, smoking, cholesterol concentration, and electrocardiographic abnormalities. Within the glucose intolerant and diabetic groups the risk factors most strongly related to subsequent death from coronary heart disease were age and blood pressure, with less consistent relations for smoking, cholesterol concentration, and obesity. This study confirms the importance of hypertension as a cardiovascular risk factor in groups with glucose intolerance and diabetes, and this may have important preventive implications.