Research Article

Oral glucose decreases hepatic extraction of insulin.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983; 286 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.286.6369.921 (Published 19 March 1983) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1983;286:921
  1. O M Gibby,
  2. C N Hales

    Abstract

    Peripheral venous (plasma) insulin and C-peptide concentrations were measured in eight normal subjects given oral or intravenous glucose sufficient to produce similar plasma glucose concentrations. The expected increased insulin response to oral as compared with intravenous glucose was not matched by a comparable increase in C-peptide concentration. The ratio of insulin to C-peptide concentrations doubled 30 minutes after oral glucose was given; no comparable rise was seen with intravenous glucose (p = 0.01). This finding is interpreted as evidence for decreased hepatic extraction of insulin after administration of oral glucose. Such a decrease could account for at least half of the well known difference in peripheral insulin concentrations after administration of oral as compared with intravenous glucose.