Research Article

Prevention of pressure sores by identifying patients at risk.

BMJ 1982; 284 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.284.6326.1370 (Published 08 May 1982) Cite this as: BMJ 1982;284:1370
  1. K E Andersen,
  2. O Jensen,
  3. S A Kvorning,
  4. E Bach

    Abstract

    The risk of pressure sores developing in patients admitted with acute conditions was assessed by a simple risk score system based on age, reduced mobility, incontinence, pronounced emaciation, redness over bony prominences, unconsciousness, dehydration, and paralysis in a prospective clinical study. During seven months in 1977, 600 of 3571 patients were classified as at risk. Of these 35 (5.8%) developed sores compared with five (0.2%) of those not at risk. The results of this study compared with those over the same period in 1976 show that close observation of at-risk patients and early detection of pressure sores prevents their development.