Research Article

Acute haemolysis due to concentrated dialysis fluid.

Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982; 284 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.284.6323.1151 (Published 17 April 1982) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1982;284:1151
  1. I Mulligan,
  2. P Parfrey,
  3. M E Phillips,
  4. E A Brown,
  5. J R Curtis

    Abstract

    Fatal acute haemolysis occurred in a 65-year-old man undergoing regular home haemodialysis for terminal renal failure. Circumstantial evidence indicating that the haemolysis resulted from exposure to concentrated dialysis solution was supported by in-vitro studies. Frank haemolysis in blood samples occurred at a dilution of greater than or equal to 1/2 of dialysis fluid. Osmotic fragility tests of surviving red blood cells showed 47% haemolysis at a dilution of 1/2 and greater than 90% haemolysis at a dilution of 1/1. Urgent design modifications to the proportionating machine are being undertaken to prevent such an accident recurring.