The Cardiff Cervical Cytology Study: prevalence of cytological grades and initial histological findings.Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981; 282 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.282.6265.689 (Published 28 February 1981) Cite this as: Br Med J (Clin Res Ed) 1981;282:689
- D M Evans,
- B M Hibbard,
- J M Jones,
- P Sweetnam
Among 45 266 women in the Cardiff Cervical Cytology Survey the peak prevalence of suspicious or positive smears was 11.2/1000 at age 45-50 years and of dyskaryosis 10.2/1000 at age 25-29. A suspicious or positive cytological picture at prevalence testing was associated with occult or clinical invasion in 24% of cases, and only 4% of patients with suspicious or positive smears were normal histologically. When dyskaryosis was detected in the prevalence test 20% had carcinoma in situ or microinvasion and 3% had occult or clinically invasive carcinoma. One hundred and twenty-nine (51%) women with dyskaryotic smears did not have a biopsy initially (that is, within two years of the prevalence test), but they were followed up at regular intervals. Subsequently 15 of the 129 gave smears consistently dyskaryotic or worse cytologically and were subjected to biopsy. Of these, two showed dysplasia, 12 carcinoma in situ, and one clinically invasive carcinoma. These findings emphasise the need for repeat cytological or histological examination in any woman with evidence of dyskaryosis in a cervical smear.