Research Article

Haemodynamic effects of intravenous morphine in patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by severe left ventricular failure.

Br Med J 1980; 280 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.280.6219.980 (Published 05 April 1980) Cite this as: Br Med J 1980;280:980
  1. A D Timmis,
  2. M T Rothman,
  3. M A Henderson,
  4. P W Geal,
  5. D A Chamberlain

    Abstract

    The haemodynamic effects of intravenous morphine sulphate (0.2 mg/kg body weight) were measured in 10 patients with acute myocardial infarction complicated by severe left ventricular failure. Fifteen minutes after morphine injection there was a significant fall in mean heart rate (from 109 to 101 beats/min) and mean systemic arterial pressure (from 80 to 65 mm HG), and a small fall in mean cardiac index (from 2.4 to 2.21/min/m2). Haemodynamic changes at 45 minutes were similar. Neither stroke index nor indirect left ventricular filling pressure (measured as pulmonary artery end-diastolic pressure) were consistently improved 15 or 45 minutes after injection. The useful action of morphine in relieving distressing cardiac dyspnoea is not adequately explained by systemic venous blood pooling. These results suggest that the effects of morphine on the central nervous system are more important.