Research Article

Precordial exercise mapping: improved diagnosis of coronary artery disease.

Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6152.1596 (Published 09 December 1978) Cite this as: Br Med J 1978;2:1596
  1. K Fox,
  2. A Selwyn,
  3. J Shillingford

    Abstract

    Surface mapping of the exercise electrocardiogram (ECG) provides a measure of the precordial area, severity, and time course of ST-segment changes occurring after exercise. Sixteen-lead isopotential surface maps were recorded before and after exercise in 109 patients with probable angina who subsequently underwent coronary arteriography. In addition, exercise ECGs with three orthogonal leads were obtained in 53 of these patients, and with a single unipolar chest lead in all 109. Of the 109 patients, 85 had significant (greater than or equal to 70%) narrowing of at least one major coronary artery. The sensitivities of the precordial surface mapping, orthogonal leads, and single chest lead (V5) when compared with the findings at coronary arteriography were 95%, 68%, and 64% respectively, while the specificities of the three lead systems did not differ significantly. The technique of precordial surface mapping after exercise may easily be applied in clinical practice and requires only conventional equipment available in most hospitals. It effectively aids diagnosis of coronary artery disease.