Research Article

National Childhood Encephalopathy Study: an interim report.

Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6143.992 (Published 07 October 1978) Cite this as: Br Med J 1978;2:992
  1. D L Miller,
  2. E M Ross

    Abstract

    Data from the first year of the National Childhood Encephalopathy Study were reviewed to see whether any relation was apparent between pertussis vaccination and brain disease. Three hundred and eighty-seven cases of encephalitis and other specified neurological conditions in which the children were admitted to hospital were reported, of which 267 satisfied the study criteria. Control children were matched for age with the index cases, and medical and immunisation histories were reviewed. Few of the index cases had been vaccinated within 28 days before admission to hospital, so that no close association between vaccination and brain disease existed in most cases. The number of children who had recently been immunised was too small for any statistically useful conclusion to be reached about the risk associated with pertussis vaccine. The study is continuing.