Research Article

Indian childhood cirrhosis: an inherited disorder of tryptophan metabolism?

Br Med J 1978; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6136.529 (Published 19 August 1978) Cite this as: Br Med J 1978;2:529
  1. A M Sur,
  2. A Bhatti

    Abstract

    Urine samples from members of 29 families of patients with Indian childhood cirrhosis (ICC) and nine families with related disorders gave positive reactions when tested with ferric chloride. Column chromatography showed that this was due to the presence of abnormally large amounts of tryptophan metabolites, notably 3-hydroxyanthranilic acid. Affected pedigrees had a significantly greater prevalence of peptic ulcer, adult cirrhosis, diabetes mellitus, migraine, and Parkinsonism than a control population. ICC may result from an inborn error of tryptophan metabolism in susceptible ethnic groups.