Research Article

Bronchiectasis in acute leukaemia.

Br Med J 1977; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6091.857 (Published 01 October 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;2:857
  1. P J Kearney,
  2. C R Kershaw,
  3. P A Stevenson

    Abstract

    Five children in remission from acute lymphoblastic leukaemia developed bronchiectasis when on chemotherapy. Persistent collapse or consolidation on chest radiographs was helpful in suggesting the diagnosis. Necropsy established the diagnosis in one child who died of massive haemoptysis when in complete remission, and bronchography confirmed the diagnosis in three. In a further child the diagnosis was based on clinical and chest X-ray findings alone. The surviving children were treated with prophylactic rotating antibiotics. Routine chest radiographs are recommended in children with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia, as bronchiectasis may otherwise be underdiagnosed.