Research Article

Contribution of atenolol, bendrofluazide, and hydrallazine to management of severe hypertension.

Br Med J 1977; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6086.547 (Published 27 August 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;2:547
  1. R G Wilcox,
  2. J R Mitchell

    Abstract

    The efficacy of various combinations of atenolol, bendrofluazide, and hydraliazine given twice daily was assessed in a double-blind trial on 39 patients with moderate to severe essential hypertension. Concurrent treatment with all three drugs proved most effective and produced a mean reduction in blood pressure of 43/31 mm Hg. In the dosage used, hydrallazine affected only the diastolic blood pressure, and when added to either bendrofluazide or bendrofluazide plus atenolol it produced a further mean reduction in pressure of 6 mm Hg. Once-daily treatment with atenolol and bendrofluazide was as effective in reducing blood pressure as the same combination given twice daily, and the hypotensive effect was still present at least 24 hours after the last dose of tablets. A combined tablet of atenolol and bendrofluazide taken once daily would be a simple regimen to follow and would provide almost as much hypotensive effect as a twice-daily regimen incorporating a modest dose of hydrallazine. The hypotensive effect of atenolol was equal to that of bendrofluazide on systolic pressure but significantly better than that of bendrofluazide on diastolic pressure. Atenolol reduced plasma renin and urate concentrations but increased plasma potassium levels. The biochemical effects of atenolol, therefore, may be an advantage over those of bendrofluazide when deciding on first-line treatment for essential hypertension.