Research Article

Bleeding in renal failure: is von Willebrand factor implicated?

Br Med J 1977; 2 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6083.359 (Published 06 August 1977) Cite this as: Br Med J 1977;2:359
  1. G Remuzzi,
  2. M Livio,
  3. M C Roncaglioni,
  4. G Mecca,
  5. M B Donati,
  6. G de Gaetano

    Abstract

    Normal or increased concentrations of factor VIII procoagulant activity (VIIIC), factor VIII-related antigen (VIIIRA), and factor VIII-von Willebrand activity (VIIIVWF) were found in the predialysis plasma of 10 out of 11 patients with chronic renal failure (CRF). All patients had a bleeding time longer than 15 minutes and platelet retention to glass beads lower than 40%. The only patient who had reduced concentrations of all three factor VIII complex components was subsequently shown to have von Willebrand's disease. In four patients with CRF, very low platelet retention, and slightly prolonged bleeding time none of the three factor VIII COMPLEX COMPONENTS WERE SELECTIVely modified in predialysis samples. These findings suggest that the bleeding tendency common in CRF is not necessarily linked to defective plasma factor VIII-related activities.