Research Article

Hypertension after renal transplantation.

Br Med J 1976; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.6047.1287 (Published 27 November 1976) Cite this as: Br Med J 1976;2:1287
  1. C Bachy,
  2. G P Alexandre,
  3. C van Ypersele de Strihou

    Abstract

    The incidence of hypertension (mean diastolic pressure above 90 mm Hg) was evaluated in 85 patients with renal transplants whose follow-up ranged from 3 to 84 months. Bilateral nephrectomy had been performed in 80 recipients. The proportion of hypertensive subjects rose during the first three months, subsequently stabilised around 50-60% for up to five years, and then decreased slightly during the next two years. Over the years hypertension fluctuated so that one-third of the initially hypertensive patients became normotensive, and over one-third of the initially normotensive patients became hypertensive. The main single aetiological factor was renal failure. A significant relation between steroid dosage and blood pressure was found in only a quarter of the hypertensive patients, and in another quarter no cause could be found.