Research Article

Comparative trial of nafoxidine and ethinyloestradiol in advanced breast cancer: an E.O.R.T.C. study.

Br Med J 1975; 2 doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5973.711 (Published 28 June 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;2:711
  1. J C Heuson,
  2. E Engelsman,
  3. J Blonk-Van Der Wijst,
  4. H Maass,
  5. A Drochmans,
  6. J Michel,
  7. H Nowakowski,
  8. A Gorins

    Abstract

    A randomized clinical trial of nafoxidine, a non-steroidal oestrogen antagonist, and ethinyloestradiol in postmenopausal patients with advanced breast cancer produced objective remissions in 31% of 49 women receiving nafoxidine and in 14% of 49 receiving ethinyloestradiol. The differences in remission rates was almost significant (0.05 less than P less than 0.10). Life-threatening complications were more frequent with ethinyloestradiol than with nafoxidine but the latter produced specific toxic reactions on skin and hair that may limit its practical usefulness. Synthetic oestrogen antagonists may occupy a privileged place in the treatment of breast cancer, and other representatives of this new class of compounds should be accurately assessed in randomized clinical trials.