Research Article

Effects of truncal, selective, and highly selective vagotomy on glucose tolerance and insulin secretion in patients with duodenal ulcer. Part II-Comparison of response to oral and intravenous glucose.

Br Med J 1975; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5963.114 (Published 19 April 1975) Cite this as: Br Med J 1975;2:114
  1. C S Humphrey,
  2. J R Dykes,
  3. D Johnston

    Abstract

    Paired oral and intravenous glucose tolerance tests were carried out in patients who had undergone truncal vagotomy and pyloroplasty, selective vagotomy and pyloroplasty, or highly selective vagotomy at least six months earlier. Intravenous glucose tolerance was similar in all three groups. Oral glucose elicited significantly higher concentrations of plasma insulin in patients who had undergone selective and highly selective vagotomy than in those treated by truncal vagotomy. When the same amount of glucose was given intravenously, however, plasma insulin concentrations were similar in all three groups of patients. The insulin secreted in response to intravenous glucose expressed as a percentage of that secreted in response to oral glucose was 112% for truncal vagotomy, 51% for selective vagotomy, and 52% for highly selective vagotomy. Truncal vagotomy thus led to a diminished insulin response to oral glucose, which was probably due to impaired release of small-bowel hormones.