Papers And Originals

Vagotomy and Pyloroplasty for Gastric Ulcer

Br Med J 1972; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5810.369 (Published 13 May 1972) Cite this as: Br Med J 1972;2:369
  1. R. J. Clarke,
  2. D. Lincoln Lewis,
  3. J. Alexander Williams

    Abstract

    In a series of 68 patients with gastric ulcer who were treated by vagotomy and pyloroplasty there were no operative deaths, though one patient who received massive transfusions died 14 weeks later from hepatic necrosis probably associated with serum hepatitis. Four patients developed recurrent peptic ulceration requiring further surgical treatment. The clinical condition of all but three of the remainder was satisfactory after an average follow-up period of three years and two months. Of the 14 patients who presented with an acutely bleeding gastric ulcer, one subsequently required gastrectomy for continued bleeding; in all the others the immediate and long-term results were satisfactory. Of 21 patients with a “high” ulcer and 29 with combined gastric and duodenal ulceration one (4·8%) and three (10%) respectively suffered recurrences. We conclude that vagotomy and pyloroplasty is a satisfactory form of treatment for a high or bleeding gastric ulcer, but that for all other gastric ulcers some form of gastric resection is preferable.