Papers And Originals

Observations on Clinical and Immunofluorescent Diagnosis of Parainfluenza Virus Infections

Br Med J 1971; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5752.7 (Published 03 April 1971) Cite this as: Br Med J 1971;2:7
  1. P. S. Gardner,
  2. J. McQuillin,
  3. R. McGuckin,
  4. R. K. Ditchburn

    Abstract

    Immunofluorescent techniques have been applied to nasopharyngeal secretions for the rapid diagnosis of parainfluenza virus types 1, 2, and 3 infections. Seventy-five infections were found by isolation techniques; 55 of these had nasopharyngeal secretions taken and 53 were positive by direct examination. A comparison of the results of 60 neutralization tests with immunofluorescence applied to monkey kidney isolations showed complete agreement. Immunofluorescence appeared to be a satisfactory method for differentiating the various haemadsorption viruses. The importance of parainfluenza viruses and respiratory syncytial virus in croup was noted and the association of the parainfluenza viruses with acute respiratory virus infection was confirmed. The clinical relationship between respiratory syncytial virus and parainfluenza virus type 3 is discussed.