Papers And Originals

Symptomless Haematuria in Childhood

Br Med J 1970; 2 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.2.5711.687 (Published 20 June 1970) Cite this as: Br Med J 1970;2:687
  1. Eric F. Glasgow,
  2. Martin W. Moncrieff,
  3. Richard H. R. White

    Abstract

    The clinical, laboratory, and renal biopsy findings in 47 children with symptomless haematuria are reported. In 41 the haematuria was recurrent. Local causes were excluded by means of intravenous urography, which was normal in all but one child, who had a horseshoe kidney.

    Since all the patients had presented in a similar manner they were classified into four groups according to the severity of glomerular changes on renal biopsy. In group I the glomeruli were optically normal. In group 2 they showed a variable degree of mesangial thickening with absent or minimal cellular proliferation. In group 3 there was diffuse mesangial thickening and proliferation—an appearance indistinguishable from that of subsiding post-streptococcal glomerulonephritis. Compared with groups 1 and 2, more patients in this group had persistent proteinuria, as well as evidence of streptococcal infection preceding the initial haematuria. Only two patients showed severe proliferative glomerulonephritis on biopsy (group 4); both had heavy proteinuria and one repeatedly had low serum β1c-globulin levels.