Research Article

Hospital antibiotic policy in a health district.

Br Med J 1979; 1 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.1.6175.1389 (Published 26 May 1979) Cite this as: Br Med J 1979;1:1389
  1. R W Lacey

    Abstract

    A hospital antibiotic policy is described in which only a few antibiotics were used over a two-year period. Six antibiotics--namely, ampicillin, cloxacillin, cephradine, penicillin, erythromycin, and oxytetracycline--accounted for 98% of the antibiotics consumed. Gentamicin was not used topically. Apart from high levels of resistance to ampicillin in Staphylococcus aureus (80%), the Enterobacteriaceae (37%), and Bacteroides (83%), antibiotic resistance was not a problem and no major epidemics of cross-infection occurred. With this policy antibiotic consumption declined and the total true cost of the antibiotics fell from 16 361 pounds in 1976 to 10 448 pounds in 1978.