Research Article

Factors influencing the incidence of neonatal jaundice.

Br Med J 1978; 1 doi: (Published 13 May 1978) Cite this as: Br Med J 1978;1:1235
  1. L Friedman,
  2. P J Lewis,
  3. P Clifton,
  4. C J Bulpitt


    A retrospective study of 12 461 single births confirmed an association between maternal oxytocin infusion and neonatal jaundice. The effect of oxytocin on jaundice was independent of gestational age at birth, sex, race, epidural anaesthesia, method of delivery, and birth weight, each of which was significantly associated with neonatal jaundice. The effect of oxytocin was, however, small, producing a calculated mean increase in peak plasma bilirubin concentration of 8.6 mumol/1 (0.5 mg/100 ml); this excess was independent of sex and less than the effect of the baby being born one week earlier.